Members of this family are important foods and medicines. Datura species contain more than 30 alkaloids, and are an important source of tropanes, especially hyoscyamine and scopolamine. Leaf extract in vitro through induction of apoptosis in human colon adenocarcinoma and larynx cancer cell lines. Achyranthes aspera herb uses, benefits, cures, side effects. Pdf phytochemistry, pharmacological and traditional uses. It falls under the category of alkaloids and classified as true alkaloid havingtropane type of alkaloid as a basic chemical ring. In china, it in china, it is known as yangjinhua and used for the treatment of. The decoction of the leaves is used to take care of the first 3 ailments given under medicinal use. When it is tobe used for other skin diseases, a very small quantity of white lime. To date there have not been any clinical trials that confirm the various horehound medicinal uses or the main constituent, marrubiin. In recent years, traditional use of plants for medical purposes has drawn the attention of researchers in our country as well 49.
Pdf tikrit journal of pure science journal homepage. Datura inoxia downy thorn apple, pricklyburr pfaf plant. Click download or read online button to get the encyclopedia of medicinal plants book now. Assessment of plant diversity and utilization of wild.
Extraction of atropine from datura innoxia using liquid. The information is from the paper gems from traditional northafrican medicine. Poisonings of humans by plants containing tropane alkaloids such as atropine and scopolamine through unintended overdoses can occur. Datura has long been known as a medicinal plant and as a plant hallucinogen all over the world.
The leaves, seeds, and root of this plant have medicinal value. It is parasitic on thyme heath, milk vetch, potentilla and other small plants, but most abundant on furze, which it often entirely conceals with its tangled masses of red, threadlike stems. History oftraditional uses of lichens lichen dyes signatures, skull, and astrological signs chemistry of lichens scientific investigation and traditional uses iceland moss lungwort usnea recipes description of usnea species medicinal uses of usnea species clinical and laboratory work identifying usnea more effective than penicillin. Cite web in its natural state, it commonly grows in rocky or sandy coastal areas with full sun. Some medicinal uses of the plant are its antiinflammatory property of all parts of. They usually occur as weeds and in disturbed areas. Teenagers with jimson weed datura stramonium poisoning. Fifteen 15 adult male wistar rats were randomly divided into three 3 groups of five 5 rats each.
Glossary of indian medicinal plants including the supplement. The best way to identify usnea is to pull a string apart and look for this white thread. Phytochemical studies of some species of datura have shown the presence of. Learn more about jimson weed uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain jimson weed. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in dodder. Bot n, zim c, mal c, mal s, moz n, moz t, moz m native to america, formerly said to be native to southern central asia, but see. Consists of annual or perennial herbs, shrubs and grows mostly in warmer parts of theworld. Medicinal uses of lichens are linked with folklore.
Prehistoric use of datura in medicinal and ceremonial rituals could be observed in abo. Datura stramonium has both the poisonous and medicinal uses 5. World over tribal population still store a vast knowledge of using local plants as food material and other specific uses. Datura stramonium solanaceae is an important medicinal plant from which tropane alkaloids, amino acids, tannin, phytic acids, carbohydrates have been isolated. Pdf plants have been an exemplary source of medicine. Plants synthesise hundreds of chemical compounds for functions including defence against insects, fungi, diseases, and herbivorous mammals. The species name is sometimes spelt datura innoxia. Also known as old mans beard, it grows in little hairlike tufts, with the green algae covering the white string like fungus. Names of dodder in various languages of the world are also given. Datura stramonium or jimson weed is a wild shrub belongs to family solanaceae. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license.
Cultivated as a garden ornamental and also for medicinal purposes. Diuretic diuretics are compounds capable of increasing the urine output. Health benefits of datura the plants, seeds, flowers, leaves and roots have all been traditionally used for medicinal or visionary purposes around the world. Ethnopharmacology of medicinal plants used in north kordofan.
Chin med page 4 of 29 table 1 medicinal plants use for respiratory disorders scienticname family part used traditional use a solanaceae fruit throat,coughandbronchitisinfections43 aowroyle amaranthaceae freshleaves cough,asthmaandotherchestinfection44 aecatorius fabaceae rootandleaves asthma,cough45. The fresh bark will cause vomiting, so use dried bark for all but emetic purposes. There are many historical medicinal uses for datura. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in achyranthes aspera. Materials and methods during the visit to the study area the indigenous people were found to use the study species naringi crenulata in different forms. Even the younger generations dont know about various medicinal plants, but the old people especially women have some knowledge about the wild resources of medicinal plants. Prehistoric use of datura in medicinal and ceremonial rituals could be observed in aboriginal in indian subcontinent. It has been used in the past as a pain killer and also in the treatment of insanity, fevers with catarrh, diarrhoea and skin diseases. Cucurbitaceae is an annual herbaceous climbing plant with a long history of traditional medicinal uses in many countries, especially in tropical and subtropical regions. Recently, the fda has recognized the medicinal uses of datura because of the presence of chemical compounds such as scopolamine and atropine. It is an appetizer and tonic for the liver and heart.
Though it is a poisonous plant still datura benefits in healing spasmodic disorders and dealing with respiratory disorders, especially asthma. The fruit is rounded, green and covered with short spines. Datura is a potentially illegal substance, and we do not encourage or condone the use of this substance where it is against the law. Year 1986 isbndescription very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants. How dodder is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The plant has very large seedpods that can be up to 200cm long and 15cm wide.
Datura has lone been known as a medicinal plant and as a plant hallucinogen all over the world. This annual or shortlived perennial shrubby plant has huge, floppy, trumpetshaped white flowers, that open from early summer and on into late autumn, being very. Introduction plants have in their arsenal an amazing array of thousands of chemicals noxious or toxic to bacteria, fungi, insects, herbivores, and even. The therapeutic activities of most plants are due to the presence of one or more of such components like alkaloids, tannins. Both are stored in a cotton sack or plastic bottle for further use. Flying ointment is used by medieval witches of europe so that they can fly. Fruits and flowers of datura is also used in worship praying of bhagwan shiva. The antibacterial activity of the methanol extracts of the aerial parts of the datura innoxia and datura stramonium was investigated. The fruits are pendulous and covered with many short thorns. Downy thorn apple is an annual plant growing about 1 metre tall.
Medicinal uses of turmeric include combating psoriasis and speeding the healing process of wounds and abrasions. Although its medicinal uses were not so clear and established at that time, my uncle had. This paper reports the results of a survey concerning folk uses of medicinal plants in valvestino brescia, italy. Phytochemical and proximate composition of datura innoxia leaf. This powder is stored in a plastic bottle and is used by patients suffering. Datura drugs and medicinal benefits recently, the fda has recognized the medicinal uses of datura because of the presence of chemical compounds such as scopolamine and atropine. The bark is alterative, astringent, cathartic, febrifuge and tonic.
Pdf rediscovering the medicinal properties of datura sp. The medicinal use of lichens can be traced back to the 18th dynasty 17001800 bc when evernia furfuracea l. Datura stramonium medicinal uses, side effects and benefits. Still fferent plant for different disease treatments. Its antibacterial agents help prevent and fight infections. Species belonging to solanaceae family and datura genus produce tropane alkaloids. Since ancient times the climber has been known for its curative properties, and has been utilized for treatment of various. Pdf in vitro callus induction and regeneration of medicinal plant. Elecampane is a corruption of the antelinnaean name enula campana, so called from its growing wild in campania.
Know its home remedies and directions to use and dosage. These stems twine around other plants for support, often scrambling through the canopy from one tree to another. The plant contains several alkaloids, the most active of which is scopolamine. A wonderfully cleansing medicine, it supports the liver, stimulates the flow of urine and the removal of waste by the kidneys. Phytochemistry, pharmacological and traditional uses of datura. Scurvy faecalis scurvy refers to signs and symptoms caused by vitamin c deficiency. Bottle gourd is one of the earliest of domesticated plants, with evidence of cultivation dating back perhaps as far as,000 bc in peru. Datura inoxia used in the treatment of insanity, fevers with catarrh, diarrhoea, scabies, piles, ulcers, colds, asthma, cardiac disorders, impotency, antispasmodic, malaria, baldness and skin diseases.
Mann or parmeliaceae was first used as a drug launert, 1981. Chemical composition, datura innoxia, elemental and proximate analyses. The fruit infusion is used for treating skin diseases, like allergies, chaffed skin, rashes, burns and scalds. It is commonly known as daalcheeni and used as spices. Usnea immune system tonic nourishing lichen medicinal. Inula viscosa is a plant of many uses, it is recommended to use inula leaves for. Be forewarned about the datura inoxia devils trumpet flower last year i received a white trumpet flower plant from a friend and i liked it right from the beginning. This page was last edited on 18 december 2019, at 09. Finally, the data were analysis using descriptive statistics. The use of datura has been used as the plants of the family solanaceae, which is an. The encyclopedia of medicinal plants download ebook pdf.
Medicinal properties and best utilisation of datura inoxia. A wide range of medicinal values has been attributed to this plant. Chemical composition of the seeds of datura innoxia. Oct 07, 2014 cinnamondalchini medicinal uses learn about ayurvedic properties and medicinal uses of cinnamon. Chemical composition of the seeds of datura innoxia ijiset. The decoction of the leaves, mixed with some common salt, works well a a laxative. Medicinal doses would all have been minimal to avoid side effects and danger.
Flowers oversize even for such a large plant, and completely tuned to the moon. It is also given in heat stroke, dysentery, diarrhea, piles and heart diseases. Datura innoxia miller medicinal uses medicinal plants. Nightshade solanacea hardy to zones 7 to 12 herbaceous perennial native to central and south america, with a current worldwide distribution. Some lichens were claimed to be good for coughs, jaundice, rabies and restoring lost hair pereira, 1853. The plant is still widely cultivated, in both the tropics and the subtropics, for its edible fruit when and for the hard wooden shell of the mature fruit, which can be used for making containers, musical instruments etc. All parts used in the medication for leprosy and rabies. The use of herbal medicinal products and supplements has increased. In addition to other uses, alkaloid extract from flowers of d. Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times. List of various diseases cured by achyranthes aspera. Assessment of plant diversity and utilization of wild medicinal species by households proximate to arabuko sokoke forest in kilifi county of kenya.
Although the originally misspelled species name was meant to indicate that the plant was inoffensive, this species like many others in the genus contains alkaloids atropine, hyoscine, and hyoscyamine that are quite poisonous and psychoactive. Thus irulars play a role in commercialization of medicinal herbs. Wash and boil about 500 grams of the plant material in ten liters of water. Datura is known as a medicinal plant and plant hallucinogen all over the world. Datura has a very special place in ayurveda since all parts of the plant namely leaves, flowers, seeds, roots, have. Out of the 15 species reported from the world, 10 species are found. Medicinal plants of sudan and their uses part 2 ital is vital. The genus dhatura, belonging to the family solanaceae. In large doses, it can cause nausea and vomiting and have laxative properties. Cuscuta epithymum, the lesser dodder, is the species of dodder that formerly was much used medicinally, and which is the commonest. While i do not recommend it be used internally today, its capacity for healing should not be over looked. Decoction of the plant will take care of all the other ailments listed under medicinal use. The effect of aqueous leaf extract of mangifera indica on differential white blood cell count was studied. The term tantra refers to a great many religious practices and beliefs.
Group a served as control and received normal saline. Pdf datura was quite abundantly available in my village kuwakot8, syangja since the days of my ancestors. Moreover, datura has been traditionally used for religious visionary purposes. An effective internal antiseptic when mixed with buttermilk or water to cure chronic intestinal problems and diarrhoea. Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Phytochemical and proximate composition of datura innoxia. In ayurveda kokum fruit is used in the treatment of a variety of ailments. A plant of multipurpose medicinal uses article pdf available in journal of medicinal plant research 69 march 2012 with 1,271 reads how we measure reads. Medicinal plants of sudan and their uses part 2 is a continuation of part 1.
Datura is known as a medicinal plant and plant hallucinogen all over the. Evaluation of in vitro antioxidant activities of ethanol extracts of datura innoxia mill. Datura inoxia has many medicinal properties like anodyne, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and narcotic etc. Tropane alkaloids gcms analysis and low dose elicitors.
Effect of aqueous leaf extract of mangifera indica on. Various species of datura are known and widely employed for their medicinal and toxic properties that are based upon more than 30 alkaloids. Traditional uses of medicinal plants in valvestino italy. Some, however, are poisonous, and their seeds often contaminate food stuffs. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise cambridge core to connect with your account. Sharing pictures of datura inoxia innoxia growing in the medicinal plant garden of university of mississippi. Datura has been well known for its use in traditional. The plant is gathered from the wild and used locally for various medicinal properties. Datura innoxia is a tuberousrooted, subshrub that typically reaches a height of 0. Useful in controlling periodic attacks of hysteria and convulsions.
The herb is of ancient medicinal repute, having been described by dioscorides and pliny. From the beginning of life humans use plant for different purposes like food and medicine. The juice of the crushed leaves is applied externally for the cure of scabies. Saponins are glycoside components often referred to as.
The wild carrot is an aromatic herb that acts as a diuretic, soothes the digestive tract and stimulates the uterus. From the beginning of life humans use plant for different purposes like fo od and medicine. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. How to cure fatal diseases with datura inoxia as medicine. However, the species name with only a single n as d. There is some debate about whether the plant is also native to the southern united states, in florida, louisiana, texas, arizona and california, or is an introduced species there. Groups b and c received 300mgkg and 600mgkg of the extract respectively. Enula campana reddit praecordia sana elecampane will the spirits sustain. How achyranthes aspera is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Most people can tolerate normal doses of the herb, but some individuals might not like the bitter taste. Equisetum debile roxb medicinal uses medicinal plants archive.
Its medicinal, pharmacological and phytochemical properties article pdf available in international journal of innovation and applied studies 24 april 20 with 466 reads. The features of this area, recognized by european union as site of community interest, allowed the preservation of the ethnobotanical traditions. Its diverse biological activities include antiasthmatic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiinflammatory, larvacidal. It is a shrubby, annual plant with showy, white flowers. Its stems and leaves are covered with short and soft grayish hairs, giving the whole plant a grayish appearance. Then it is cleaned and washed in water 23 times and cut into small 12in. Formally all parts of the plant were considered anodyne, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and narcotic. Experiments on rats suggest that cold water extract of spillanthes acmella acts as a loop diuretic.
Extraction of atropine from datura innoxia using liquid membrane technique 26 ijcpe vol. Duranta erecta is native to the americas, from mexico and the caribbean south to brazil and argentina. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The extract of datura, however, is a potent poison and its indiscriminate use may. Pdf the present study indicate the possibility of the development of callus from stem cut, leaf and root explants and.
Oregano is usually thought of as a culinary herb, but it has been used medicinally for thousands of years. Publisher council of scientific and industrial research, new delhi. Published in hebrew by tamuz mudan, israel, 1991 translation from hebrew. The species is hermaphrodite has both male and female organs and is pollinated by insects. However, we accept that illegal drug use occurs, and believe that offering responsible harm reduction information is imperative to keeping people safe. Datura inoxia seeds downy thornapple, indianapple, moonflower, sacred datura, datura innoxia, datura meteloides, thorn apple, moonflower, toloache, jimson weed, angels trumpet, stinkweed, pricklyburr plant world seeds. Dodder herb uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients. Phytochemical screening result revealed the presence of atropine, scopolamine, essential oils, saponins, flavonoids, phenols, as well as cardiacs glycosides. It is so difficult to define, that some religious historians argue the word has little meaning other than to mark extreme or taboo practices.
Names of achyranthes aspera in various languages of the world are also given. The seeds are numerous, nearly smooth and pale brown. Datura innoxia, or toloache, is the most ethnopharmacologically important of all thorn apple species in the americas. Entada rheedii is a large and very vigorous climbing shrub, producing stems that can be 120 metres long and up to 40cm in diameter near the base. A widespread and common weed of cultivation and disturbed ground. To take care of aches and pains in the body, remove the dodder plant from its host.
Try a tea made with oregano for indigestion, bloating, flatulence, coughs, urinary problems, bronchial problems, headaches, swollen glands, and to promote menstruation. All parts of the plant are anodyne, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and narcotic. It is useful in asthma, cough, fever, inflammations, edema, neuralgia, insanity, myalgia, hyperacidity, duodenal ulcer, renal colic, calculi, and dysmenorrhea. The bellshaped solitary flowers are large, white or nearly purple. Datura, moonflower datura inoxia, packet of 10 seeds.
Plant secondary metabolites play a major role in plant adaptation to stress. List of medicinal plants, disease treated, ingredients added and condition of plant used and other uses of medicinal plants in the study area s. Safed datura datura inoxia complete detail updated. Phytochemical and proximate analyses of datura innoxia leaf, seed, stem, pod and root were carried out. The thorn apple is a short shrub which reaches a height of 1.781 1106 1356 1507 1040 334 807 579 1518 1622 1076 1437 1499 910 795 147 827 1627 481 794 206 72 451 147 176 834 499 320 1444 524 858 298 1111